Elementos, productos químicos y química

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# Símbolo Nombre Peso atómico Configuración electrónica
1 H Hidrógeno 1.00794 1s1
2 He Hélio 4.002602 1s2
3 Li Lítio 6.941 [He] 2s1
4 Be Berílio 9.012182 [He] 2s2
5 B Boro 10.811 [He] 2s2 2p1
6 C Carbono 12.0107 [He] 2s2 2p2
7 N Nitrógeno 14.0067 [He] 2s2 2p3
8 O Oxígeno 15.9994 [He] 2s2 2p4
9 F Flúor 18.9984032 [He] 2s2 2p5
10 Ne Neón 20.1797 [He] 2s2 2p6
11 Na Sodio 22.98976928 [Ne] 3s1
12 Mg Magnesio 24.305 [Ne] 3s2
13 Al Alumínio 26.9815386 [Ne] 3s2 3p1
14 Si Silicio 28.0855 [Ne] 3s2 3p2
15 P Fósforo 30.973762 [Ne] 3s2 3p3
16 S Azufre 32.065 [Ne] 3s2 3p4
17 Cl Cloro 35.453 [Ne] 3s2 3p5
18 Ar Argón 39.948 [Ne] 3s2 3p6
19 K Potasio 39.0983 [Ar] 4s1
20 Ca Calcio 40.078 [Ar] 4s2
21 Sc Escandio 44.955912 [Ar] 3d1 4s2
22 Ti Titanio 47.867 [Ar] 3d2 4s2
23 V Vanadio 50.9415 [Ar] 3d3 4s2
24 Cr Cromo 51.9961 [Ar] 3d5 4s1
25 Mn Manganesio 54.938045 [Ar] 4s2 3d5
26 Fe Hierro 55.845 [Ar] 4s2 3d6
27 Co Cobalto 58.933195 [Ar] 3d7 4s2
28 Ni Níquel 58.6934 [Ar] 3d8 4s2
29 Cu Cobre 63.546 [Ar] 3d10 4s1
30 Zn Zinc 65.409 [Ar] 3d10 4s2
31 Ga Galio 69.723 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
32 Ge Germánio 72.64 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
33 As Arsénico 74.9216 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
34 Se Selenio 78.96 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p4
35 Br Bromo 79.904 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p5
36 Kr Criptón 83.798 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
37 Rb Rubídio 85.4678 [Kr] 5s1
38 Sr Estroncio 87.62 [Kr] 5s2
39 Y Itrio 88.90585 [Kr] 4d1 5s2
40 Zr Circonio 91.224 [Kr] 4d2 5s2
41 Nb Niobio 92.90638 [Kr] 4d4 5s1
42 Mo Molibdeno 95.94 [Kr] 4d5 5s1
43 Tc Tecnecio (98) [Kr] 4d5 5s2
44 Ru Rutenio 101.07 [Kr] 4d7 5s1
45 Rh Rodio 102.9055 [Kr] 4d8 5s1
46 Pd Paladio 106.42 [Kr] 4d10
47 Ag Plata 107.8682 [Kr] 4d10 5s1
48 Cd Cadmio 112.411 [Kr] 4d10 5s2
49 In Indio 114.818 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
50 Sn Estaño 118.71 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
51 Sb Antimonio 121.76 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
52 Te Teluro 127.6 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p4
53 I Yodo 126.90447 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
54 Xe Xenón 131.293 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
55 Cs Cesio 132.9054519 [Xe] 6s1
56 Ba Bario 137.327 [Xe] 6s2
57 La Lantano 138.90547 [Xe] 5d1 6s2
58 Ce Cério 140.116 [Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
59 Pr Prosedímio 140.90765 [Xe] 4f3 6s2
60 Nd Neodímio 144.242 [Xe] 4f4 6s2
61 Pm Promécio (145) [Xe] 4f5 6s2
62 Sm Samário 150.36 [Xe] 4f6 6s2
63 Eu Európio 151.964 [Xe] 4f7 6s2
64 Gd Gadolínio 157.25 [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
65 Tb Térbio 158.92535 [Xe] 4f9 6s2
66 Dy Disprósio 162.5 [Xe] 4f10 6s2
67 Ho Hólmio 164.93032 [Xe] 4f11 6s2
68 Er Érbio 167.259 [Xe] 4f12 6s2
69 Tm Túlio 168.93421 [Xe] 4f13 6s2
70 Yb Itérbio 173.04 [Xe] 4f14 6s2
71 Lu Lutécio 174.967 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d1
72 Hf Hafnio 178.49 [Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
73 Ta Tántalo 180.94788 [Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
74 W Wolframio 183.84 [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
75 Re Renio 186.207 [Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
76 Os Osmio 190.23 [Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
77 Ir Iridio 192.217 [Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
78 Pt Platino 195.084 [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
79 Au Oro 196.966569 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
80 Hg Mercurio 200.59 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
81 Tl Talio 204.3833 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
82 Pb Plomo 207.2 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
83 Bi Bismuto 208.9804 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
84 Po Polonio (209) [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p4
85 At Astato (210) [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5
86 Rn Radón (222) [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6
87 Fr Francio (223) [Rn] 7s1
88 Ra Radio (226) [Rn] 7s2
89 Ac Actínio (227) [Rn] 6d1 7s2
90 Th Tório 232.0381 [Rn] 6d2 7s2
91 Pa Protactínio 231.03588 [Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
92 U Uranio 238.02891 [Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
93 Np Neptunio (237) [Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
94 Pu Plutonio (244) [Rn] 5f6 7s2
95 Am Amerício (243) [Rn] 5f7 7s2
96 Cm Curio (247) [Rn] 5f7 6d1 7s2
97 Bk Berkelio (247) [Rn] 5f9 7s2
98 Cf Californio (251) [Rn] 5f10 7s2
99 Es Einstenio (252) [Rn] 5f11 7s2
100 Fm Fermio (257) [Rn] 5f12 7s2
101 Md Mendelevio (258) [Rn] 5f13 7s2
102 No Nobelio (259) [Rn] 5f14 7s2
103 Lr Lawrencio (262) [Rn] 5f14 6d1 7s2
104 Rf Ruterfordio (265) [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
105 Db Dubnio (268) [Rn] 5f14 6d3 7s2
106 Sg Seaborgio (263) [Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2
107 Bh Bohrio (272) [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2
108 Hs Hassio (278) [Rn] 5f14 6d6 7s2
109 Mt Meitnerio (278) [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2
110 Ds Darmstadtio (281) [Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1
111 Rg Roentgenio (280) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s1
112 Cn Copernicio (285) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2
113 Nh Nihonio (284) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p1
114 Fl Flerovio (289) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2
115 Mc Moscovio (288) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p3
116 Lv Livermorio (293) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4
117 Ts Tenesino (294) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p5
118 Og Ununoctio (294) [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p6
Tabla periódica
Definición del día
balanced equation
An equation for a chemical reaction in which the number of atoms for each element in the reaction and the total charge are the same for both the reactants and the products. In other words, the mass and the charge are balanced on both sides of the reaction.